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# Browsing Mathematics by Author "Kho, Johannes"

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• (2013-03-26)
A formula called Woolhouse formula that obtained based on approach the Euler Maclaurin formula are discussed. Then Woolhouse formula is used to calculate present value of an annuity with payable m times a year. Here, n ...
• (2013-06-12)
This article discusses a constant force assumption which is used to determine prospective reserve of an endowment life insurance. The constant force assumption is a probability density function of exponential distribution, ...
• (2013-07-23)
This article discusses an equation to find an option pricing model, known as Black- Scholes equation. Black-Scholes equation is constructed with the concept of capital asset pricing model. Capital asset pricing model is ...
• (2013-06-12)
This paper discusses normal pension fund insurance calculation using accrued benefit cost method, for a joint life status of two pension fund insurance clients. Pension premium and cash insurance value of the pension ...
• (2013-03-16)
This paper discusses the Runge Kutta method of order-4 (RK (4,4)) with an error control, which is a combination of the Runge Kutta method of order-4 based on an Arithmetic mean (RKAM-4) and the Runge Kutta method of order-4 ...
• (2014-03-25)
This article discusses the three moments formed from the accumulation of due annuity with random interest rate. The highest moment of these three moments is obtained by first determining the previous two moments. Moment ...
• (2013-06-12)
This paper discusses Fisher’s formula derived from compounding interest rate’s formula. It is used to determine the predicted values of the interest rate which affected by the inflation rate. The accumulation cash flow can ...
• (2013-07-23)
This article discusses the annual premium of term insurance for joint life status. It means the annual premium of two people insured with the age of and in which the sum assured will be paid if only one of the insured ...
• (2013-07-30)
In this paper, a formulation for a single premium term life insurance in multistate case is discussed. Using Markov chain, the amount of displacement between transition state is obtained by using probabilities which are ...