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Interlayer-Free Hybrid Organo-Silica Membranes Based Teos and Tevs For Water Desalination

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dc.contributor.author Elma, Muthia
dc.contributor.author Wang, David K
dc.contributor.author Yacou, Christelle
dc.contributor.author Costa, João C. Diniz da
dc.date.accessioned 2016-04-22T02:17:05Z
dc.date.available 2016-04-22T02:17:05Z
dc.date.issued 2016-04-22
dc.identifier.isbn 978-602-73367-0-4
dc.identifier.other wahyu sari yeni
dc.identifier.uri http://repository.unri.ac.id/xmlui/handle/123456789/8230
dc.description.abstract This work investigates hybrid silica membranes by mixing tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and triethoxy vinyl silane (TEVS) by employing K2S2O8 (KPS) as initiator. KPS aims to provide radical polymerization to create C - C bonds linkage as a secondary network and then generates more spaces in silica network. Then free radical polymerization formed by KPS affects the oriented growth of particles. In order to avoid the decomposition of C - C groups within the silica matrices, it was found that the calcination temperature of xerogels recommends up to 350°C. Densification was formed when TEVS composition ratio is greater than TEOS composition. Therefore, the TEVS:TEOS molar ratio was set as 10:90 whilst microporosity was attained. This indicates that pure TEVS is not suitable to produce amorphous silica due to the functional groups formed block pores. The water fluxes found (< 2 kg m-2 h-1), however, the water fluxes for the hybrid organo-silica membranes reduced slightly only as a function of the salt content in the saline water, contrary to pure silica. This strongly suggests that the salt concentration polarisation was greatly reduced by having carbon moieties embedded into silica matrices. The water fluxes increased significantly from 4 to 21-24 kg m-2 h-1 as the temperature was raised from 40 to 60 °C whilst maintaining salt rejections in excess of 99%. This was mainly attributed to the linear organic C-C chains embedded in the silica matrices. In conclusion, the incorporation between organic-inorganic network enhance the hydrophobic properties of silica matrices. en_US
dc.description.provenance Submitted by wahyu sari yeni (ayoe32@ymail.com) on 2016-04-22T02:17:05Z No. of bitstreams: 1 7 Interlayer-Free Hybrid Organo-Silica Membranes Based Teos .pdf: 3757692 bytes, checksum: a08e17283610c3d69e6b1a5b7b3927e6 (MD5) en
dc.description.provenance Made available in DSpace on 2016-04-22T02:17:05Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 7 Interlayer-Free Hybrid Organo-Silica Membranes Based Teos .pdf: 3757692 bytes, checksum: a08e17283610c3d69e6b1a5b7b3927e6 (MD5) en
dc.description.sponsorship International Conference on Oleo and Petrochemical Engineering Pekanbaru-Indonesia, November 23, 2015 en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Interlayer-free membranes en_US
dc.subject Hybrid Organo-Silica Membranes en_US
dc.subject TEOS en_US
dc.subject TEVS en_US
dc.title Interlayer-Free Hybrid Organo-Silica Membranes Based Teos and Tevs For Water Desalination en_US
dc.type UR-Proceedings en_US


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